EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). As the law was given by the ministration of angels and Moses, it was inferior to the Gospel given by the divine Son, who both is ( Hebrews 1:4-14 ) as God, and has been made, as the exalted Son of man ( Hebrews 2:5-18 ), much better than the angels. A name that no than knew but He Himself.". For proofs of Paul being the author, see my Introduction. However, the content of the book, including the frequent references to the Hebrew Scriptures, makes it clear that he was writing to Jewish Christians who were sorely tempted to leave the Christian church and revert to Jewish worship. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. In the Psalms 104:3 Psalms 104:4 , the subject in each clause comes first, and the attribute predicated of it second; so the Greek article here marks "angels" and "ministers" as the subjects, and "winds" and "flame of fire," predicates, Schemoth Rabba says, "God is called God of Zebaoth (the heavenly hosts), because He does what He pleases with His angels. . heavens--plural: not merely one, but manifold, and including various orders of heavenly intelligences ( Ephesians 4:10 ). They have never become sons of God. Your throne, O God: Psalm 45:6-7 plainly says that God the Father calls the Son God. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Hebrews 1:1-12 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The author identified neither himself nor the people to whom he was writing. What the angels are as to their office: they are ministering spirits. The writer, though not inscribing his name, was well known to those addressed ( Hbr 13:19). See all formats and editions Hide other formats and editions. The Septuagint, "in the beginning" (as in Genesis 1:1 ) answers by contrast to the end implied in "They shall perish," &c. The Greek order here (not in the Septuagint) is, "Thou in the beginning, O Lord," which throws the "Lord" into emphasis. Did He ever say: The writer to the Hebrews clearly thought that God spoke through the human authors of the Old Testament. i. Jesus is also called a servant and a minister, but this is part of His voluntary humiliation, not his essential nature – as it is in the essential nature of angels to be servants. 12. vesture--Greek, "an enwrapping cloak." This passage of the Septuagint may have been in Paul's mind as to the form, but the substance is taken from Psalms 97:7 . We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Updated: Fri, 05/01/2020 - 15:01 By admin. . b. They are incorporeal spirits, as God is, but ministering to Him as inferiors. William L. Lane — Hebrews 1-8; Hebrews 9-13 (Word Biblical Commentary, 1991). The Epistle to the Hebrews. A fuller accomplishment is yet to be, when He shall be VISIBLY the anointed King over the whole earth (set by the Father) on His holy hill of Zion, Psalms 2:6 Psalms 2:8 . As "being" ( Hebrews 1:3 ) expresses His essential being so "being made" ( Hebrews 7:26 ) marks what He became in His assumed manhood ( Philippians 2:6-9 ). 47a, Hebrews 1-8 Hardcover – November 11, 1991 by William L. Lane (Author) 4.4 out of 5 stars 20 ratings. God gave his name great honour when he raised him from the dead. What the angels are as to their nature: they are spirits, without bodies or inclination to bodies, and yet they can assume bodies, and appear in them, when God pleases. God, who at various times and in various ways spoke in time past to the fathers by the prophets, has in these last days spoken to us by His Son, a. ii. English Version is correct (compare Matthew 5:33 ; Greek, John 12:39 ). Hebrews 1:1-2 Commentary. THE HIGHEST OF ALL REVELATIONS IS GIVEN US NOW IN THE SON OF GOD, WHO IS GREATER THAN THE ANGELS, AND WHO, HAVING COMPLETED REDEMPTION, SITS ENTHRONED AT GOD'S RIGHT HAND. “I will be to Him a Father, thy God--JEROME, AUGUSTINE, and others translate Psalms 45:7 , "O God, Thy God, hath anointed thee," whereby Christ is addressed as God. Commentary on Hebrews: Exegetical and Expository - Vol. . And Your years will not fail.”. Choose a verse from 'Hebrews 1' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org English Version, "maketh His angels spirits," means, He maketh them of a subtle, incorporeal nature, swift as the wind. This statement is a good example of an Old Testament prophecy that had two fulfillments in mind. c. Today I have begotten You: God the Father also spoke to God the Son and described Him as begotten. ministers." ii. The Lord Christ had the original right to govern the world, because he made the world in the beginning. “God, Your God” speaks of the Father and His position of authority over the Second Person of the Trinity. The forty-fifth Psalm in its first meaning was addressed to Solomon; but the Holy Spirit inspired the writer to use language which in its fulness can only apply to the antitypical Solomon, the true Royal Head of the theocracy. (2) Relatively, in comparison with the angels, Hebrews 1:4 ; the confirmation of this follows, and the very name "Son" is proved at Hebrews 1:5 ; the "heirship," Hebrews 1:6-9 ; the "making the worlds," Hebrews 1:10-12 ; the "sitting at the right hand" of God, Hebrews 1:13 Hebrews 1:14 ." There are no seats for the angels around the throne of God, because they are constantly busy praising God and serving Him. As God (the Father) is introduced as having spoken here; so God the Son, Hebrews 2:3 ; God the Holy Ghost, Hebrews 3:7 . Israel, in the Babylonian captivity, in the hundred second Psalm, casts her hopes of deliverance on Messiah, the unchanging covenant God of Israel. The Hebrews are warned of the sin and danger of unbelief. The same in nature, therefore in covenant faithfulness to Thy people. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. righteousness--Everlasting duration and righteousness go together ( Psalms 45:2 , 89:14 ). You, LORD, in the beginning laid the foundation of the earth: This shows that Jesus Christ, the Second Person of the Trinity, is the Creator. They looked upon them as mediators between God and men, and some went so far as to pay them a kind of religious homage or worship. iv. So it shall be after the perishing by fire ( 2 Peter 3:12 2 Peter 3:13 ). Compare 1 Timothy 3:16 , "seen of angels"; God manifesting Messiah as one to be gazed at with adoring love by heavenly intelligences ( Ephesians 3:10 , 2 Thessalonians 1:9 2 Thessalonians 1:10 , 1 Peter 3:22 ). Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Word Biblical Commentary Vol. Since the firstborn son was “first in line” and received the position of favor and honor, the title “firstborn” could indicate that someone was of the highest position and honor. But as the whole theocracy was of Messianic import, the triumph of David over Hadadezer and neighboring kings ( 2 Samuel 8:1-18 , Psalms 2:2 Psalms 2:3 Psalms 2:9-12 ) is a type of God's ultimately subduing all enemies under His Son. V. Series. CONSIDER JESUS OUR GREAT HIGH PRIEST Click chart to enlarge Charts from Jensen's Survey of the NT - used by permission Hebrews - Charles Swindoll - Chart on right . Being made . fold them up--So the Septuagint, Psalms 102:26 ; but the Hebrew, "change them." The opening chapter takes people into the heavenly realm of the angels. It isn’t good to be too comfortable in the presence of majesty. The Spirit, by Paul, treats the Hebrew of the Old Testament, with independence of handling, presenting the divine truth in various aspects; sometimes as here sanctioning the Septuagint (compare Isaiah 34:4 , Revelation 6:14 ); sometimes the Hebrew; sometimes varying from both. So David, His type, was first anointed at Bethlehem ( 1 Samuel 16:13 , Psalms 89:20 ); and yet again at Hebron, first over Judah ( 2 Samuel 2:4 ), then over all Israel ( 2 Samuel 5:3 ); not till the death of Saul did he enter on his actual kingdom; as it was not till after Christ's death that the Father set Him at His right hand far above all principalities ( Ephesians 1:20 Ephesians 1:21 ). . For when has one seen light without effulgence?" The first of two messages exploring the Biblical evidence that Christ is God himself. Initial impressions of Hebrews might suggest that the writer is detached from any context. Hebrews—Commentaries. b. A scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom. to Nehemiah, 400 B.C.). Hebrews 1:1. The true "Prophet" of God. Understanding how Jesus is better than the angels helps us to understand how He is better than anyone or anything in our life. When He pleases, He makes them to sit ( Judges 6:11 ); at other times to stand ( Isaiah 6:2 ); at times to resemble women ( Zechariah 5:9 ); at other times to resemble men ( Genesis 18:2 ); at times He makes them 'spirits'; at times, fire." Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. 13. Thus it was necessary that the apostle should insist, not only on … "Worship Him all ye gods" ("gods," that is, exalted beings, as angels), refers to God; but it was universally admitted among the Hebrews that God would dwell, in a peculiar sense, in Messiah (so as to be in the Talmud phrase, "capable of being pointed to with the finger"); and so what was said of God was true of, and to be fulfilled in, Messiah. Hebrews 1 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is by the author of the Schaff-Herzog Bible Encyclopedia, the most popular ever printed by his Son--Greek, "IN (His) Son" ( John 14:10 ). In a more distant and perfect sense, it is fulfilled in the Son of David, Jesus Christ. the antitype to Solomon, son of David. brightness of his glory--Greek, the effulgence of His glory. by inheritance obtained--He always had the thing itself, namely, Sonship; but He "obtained by inheritance," according to the promise of the Father, the name "Son," whereby He is made known to men and angels. Outline: I. Christ is God’s revelation to the world (1-4) II. Hebrews 1 – A Superior Savior A. Jesus, the superior Savior. of He and the prophets before him wrote about the Messiah’s coming –when God was going to do something new in His relationship with mankind. In a near and imperfect sense, the promise of 2 Samuel 7:14 was fulfilled in David’s son Solomon. All was not revealed to each one prophet; but one received one portion of revelation, and another another. So the superiority of the Son of God to angels is shown. This is probably the true translation of the Hebrew there, and also of the Greek of Hebrews here; for it is likely the Son is addressed, "O God," as in Hebrews 1:8 . In this sense, the purpose of Hebrews is like the purpose of the Transfiguration of Jesus mentioned in the Gospels. But veiled in the flesh. Salem Media Group. Very highly recommended. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . He was going to clearly show how far we were from Him by pointing out our rebellious ways (sins) and also show a single way back. the world--subject to Christ ( Hebrews 2:5 ). "The sun is never seen without effulgence, nor the Father without the Son" [THEOPHYLACT]. (Hebrews 1:1-3) Malachi was their last prophet before Jesus ’ birth and that was about 400 years prior. But to which of the angels has He ever said: “Sit at My right hand, changed--as one lays aside a garment to put on another. Like a cloak You will fold them up, and they will be changed: This shows that Jesus Christ, the Second Person of the Trinity is sovereign, with authority over all creation and history, even as Psalm 102:25-27 says this of Yahweh. Things went well, and Lear started to feel quite at home in the palace. when Thou hast ransomed and opened heaven to Thy people. His right, as God with the Father, was absolute, resulting from his creating power. the wings of the wind." (Hebrews 1:1) In the past God spoke to our ancestors through the prophets at many times and in various ways, The heavens declare the glory of God without words (see Psalm 19). Thus he answers the Jewish objection drawn from their prophets. Let all the angels of God worship Him: Deuteronomy 32:43 shows that Jesus is superior because He is the object of angelic worship, not an angelic worshipper. Comparing Hebrews 1:2 and 1:14, “It is particularly noteworthy, as bearing on the main theme of the Epistle, that both Christ and Christians are described as heirs.” (Thomas), ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. THE HIGHEST OF ALL REVELATIONS IS GIVEN US NOW IN THE SON OF GOD, WHO IS GREATER THAN THE ANGELS, AND WHO, HAVING COMPLETED REDEMPTION, SITS ENTHRONED AT GOD'S RIGHT HAND. Human being, Jesus Christ, John 12:39 ) the Urim and Thummim,,. Check commentary on hebrews 1 enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in for cookies... And force blocking all cookies on this website fail -- Hebrew, `` in portions! Part of these days. involves eternal generation ; for the divine presence shows that they have the right... Are incorporeal spirits, not governing spirits ; service, not dominion is their calling email with steps how! 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